pope julius iii

Whom did Julius III confirm as Duke of Parma? Like his father, who was a well-known jurist, he studied law. Distinguished as a effective diplomat, he was elected to the papacy as a compromise candidate. Biography. Pope Julius III. The last of the High Renaissance Popes, he was born in Rome, the son of a famous jurist. Dictionnaire historique et critique. [2], Inm 1520, he was made Bishop of Pavia. Expecting to find the New Jerusalem, he found an open sewer instead! Julius III, original name Giovanni Maria Ciocchi del Monte, (born Sept. 10, 1487, Rome [Italy]—died March 23, 1555, Rome), pope from 1550 to 1555. Pope Julius II (Latin: Iulius Secundus; December 5, 1443 - February 21, 1513), originally Giuliano Della Rovere, was an Italian priest of the Roman Catholic Church and the 217th Pope from 1503 until his death in 1513. It has a constituency of…. Genealogy for Giovanni Maria Ciocchi del Monte, pope Julius III (1487 - 1555) family tree on Geni, with over 200 million profiles of ancestors and living relatives. He attempted to stop cardinals from receiving too many benefices and to restore monastic discipline. Pope Julius III (Latin: Iulius III; 10 September 1487 – 23 March 1555), born Giovanni Maria Ciocchi del Monte, was Pope from 7 February 1550 to his death in 1555. Pope Julius II was known as the "Warrior Pope" because he was a true successor of Gaius Julius Caesar. He attended the universities of Perugia and Siena. Pope Julius III : biography 10 September 1487 – 23 March 1555 Shortly before his death, Julius dispatched Cardinal Giovanni Morone to represent the interests of the Holy See at the Peace of Augsburg.Kenneth Meyer Setton, The Papacy and the Levant, 1204–1571, Vol. IV, (The American Philosophical Society, 1984), 603. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. … When was Julius III elected pope? Pope Julius III (Giovanni Maria de' Ciocchi del Monte) has little place in history or in theology and he is almost forgotten. He also became known as "the warrior pope" and il papa terribile. Heraldic symbols of Pope Julius III Bologna was the second city of the Papal State but retains very few coats of arms, because in 1797, under the influence of the French Revolution, all signs of the Popes were destroyed. Died 23 March 1555. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Shortly before his death Julius III sent Cardinal Morone to represent the Catholic interest at the Religious Peace of Augsburg. [2], In 1512, Ciocchi del Monte became Archbishop of Siponto (Manfredonia) in Apulia. After falling in love with a homeless boy in Parma, the future Pope Julius III convinced his brother to adopt him. https://simple.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Pope_Julius_III&oldid=6990608, Articles incorporating a citation from the 1913 Catholic Encyclopedia with Wikisource reference, Pages using duplicate arguments in template calls, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License, Julius Tertius (Latin); Giovanni Maria Ciocchi del Monte (birth name), Bayle, Pierre. Achievements as pope. ! Nicknamed “Il terrible” by his contemporaries and the “Warrior Pope” by historians, Julius II’s early sixteenth-century pontificate marked a notable political and militaristic expansion of the papacy. As Pope he made only reluctant and short-lived attempts at reform, mostly devoting himself to a life of personal pleasure. He was the nephew of Pope Sixtus IV. Julius carried on his affair with Innocenzo throughout his pontificate, making his inept young lover a cardinal. After a career as a distinguished and effective diplomat, he was elected to the papacy as a compromise candidate after the death of Paul III. 8. [1], Giovanni Maria Ciocchi del Monte was born in Rome in 1487. Born at Rome, 10 September, 1487; died there, 23 March, 1555. [2], Cardinal Ciocchi del Monte was elected pope on 7 February 1550. His patronage of Renaissance thought led him to reform the Roman University, to build the Church of St. Andrew in Rome, and to appoint Palestrina choirmaster of St. Peter’s, with Michelangelo as the church’s principal architect. Pope Julius III (10 September 1487 – 23 March 1555), born Giovanni Maria Ciocchi del Monte, was Pope from 7 February 1550 to 1555. Pope Giovanni Maria Ciocchi del Monte (born 10 Sep 1487, died 23 Mar 1555) Pope of Roma {Rome} Consistory - 1536 : Created Cardinal Conclave - 1549/1550 : Participated; Elected Pope 12. Pope Julius III, whom Camiani had come to know at the council, appointed him Bishop. Link to Wikipedia biography. Nicknamed the Warrior Pope or the Fearsome Pope, he chose his papal name not in honour of Pope Julius I but in emulation of Julius Caesar. The Innocenzo scandal Julius’s papacy […] Distinguished as an effective diplomat, he was elected to the papacy as a compromise candidate after the death of Paul III. [2], Pope Julius was involved in Italian and European political disputes. Britannica Kids Holiday Bundle! [3], Media related to Iulius III at Wikimedia Commons, Peter Linus Anacletus (Cletus) Clement I Evaristus Alexander I Sixtus I Telesphorus Hyginus Pius I Anicetus Soter Eleuterus Victor I Zephyrinus Callixtus I Urban I Pontian Anterus Fabian Cornelius Lucius I Stephen I Sixtus II Dionysius Felix I Eutychian Caius Marcellinus Marcellus I Eusebius Miltiades Sylvester I Mark, Julius I Liberius Damasus I Siricius Anastasius I Innocent I Zosimus Boniface I Celestine I Sixtus IIILeo I Hilarius Simplicius Felix III Gelasius I Anastasius II Symmachus Hormisdas John I Felix IV Boniface II John II Agapetus I Silverius Vigilius Pelagius IJohn III Benedict I Pelagius II Gregory I Sabinian Boniface III Boniface IV Adeodatus I, Boniface V Honorius I Severinus John IV Theodore I Martin I Eugene IVitalian Adeodatus II Donus Agatho Leo II Benedict II John V Conon Sergius I John VI John VII Sisinnius Constantine Gregory II Gregory IIIZachary Stephen II Paul I Stephen III Adrian I Leo III Stephen IV Paschal I Eugene II Valentine Gregory IV, Sergius II Leo IV Benedict III Nicholas I Adrian II John VIII Marinus I Adrian III Stephen V Formosus Boniface VI Stephen VI Romanus Theodore II John IX Benedict IV Leo V Sergius III Anastasius III Lando John X Leo VI Stephen VII John XI Leo VII Stephen VIII Marinus II Agapetus II John XII Benedict V Leo VIII John XIII Benedict VI, Benedict VII John XIV John XV Gregory V Sylvester II John XVII John XVIII Sergius IV Benedict VIII John XIX Benedict IXa Sylvester III Benedict IXa Gregory VI Clement II Benedict IXa Damasus II Leo IX Victor II Stephen IX Nicholas II Alexander II Gregory VII Victor III Urban II Paschal II Gelasius II Callixtus II Honorius II Innocent II Celestine II Lucius II Eugene III, Anastasius IV Adrian IV Alexander III Lucius III Urban III Gregory VIII Clement III Celestine III Innocent III Honorius III Gregory IX Celestine IV Innocent IV Alexander IV Urban IV Clement IV Gregory X Innocent V Adrian V John XXIb Nicholas III Martin IV Honorius IV Nicholas IV Celestine V Boniface VIII Benedict XIb Clement V John XXII Benedict XII Clement VI Innocent VI Urban V, Gregory XI Urban VI Boniface IX Innocent VII Gregory XII Martin V Eugene IV Nicholas V Callixtus III Pius II Paul II Sixtus IV Innocent VIII Alexander VI Pius III Julius II Leo X Adrian VI Clement VII Paul III Julius III Marcellus II Paul IV Pius IV Pius V Gregory XIII Sixtus V Urban VII Gregory XIV Innocent IX Clement VIII Leo XI Paul V, Gregory XV Urban VIII Innocent X Alexander VII Clement IX Clement X Innocent XI Alexander VIII Innocent XII Clement XI Innocent XIII Benedict XIII Clement XII Benedict XIV Clement XIII Clement XIV Pius VI Pius VII Leo XII Pius VIII Gregory XVI Pius IX Leo XIII Pius X Benedict XV Pius XI Pius XII John XXIII Paul VI John Paul I John Paul IIBenedict XVIFrancis, From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Pope Julius III (Giovanni Maria Ciocchi del Monte) 1550.02.07 – 1555.03.23 (1839). https://www.britannica.com/biography/Julius-III, The Catholic Encyclopedia - Pope Julius III. Julius III (1487 – 1555), was a career diplomat who became pope and head of the Papal States from 1550 until his death five years later. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Christianity, major religion stemming from the life, teachings, and death of Jesus of Nazareth (the Christ, or the Anointed One of God) in the 1st century ce. Venice was the first to feel the strong hand of Julius II. Biography of Pope Julius III (excerpt) Pope Julius III (September 10, 1487 – March 23, 1555), born Giovanni Maria Ciocchi del Monte, was Pope from February 7, 1550 to 1555. Pope Julius III was born Giovanni Maria Ciocchi del Monte in Rome in 1487. It has become the largest of the world’s religions and, geographically, the most widely diffused of all faiths. Unfortunately, military and political problems led to its second suspension in 1552. Positions in the Church The Farnese cardinal’s diplomatic skills made him an invaluable aid to the five pontiffs in whose election he participated—Pius III, Julius II, Leo X, Adrian VI, and Clement VII—before he himself emerged as the Roman pontiff on Oct. 13, 1534. PRE-PAPAL BACKGROUND . Although still very young, barely thirty years of age, he had shown great qualities of intelligence and statecraft and had the maturity and judgment of an experienced tactician. A patron of the arts, he commissioned Michelangelo to paint the Sistine Chapel ceiling. Julius is the third youngest Pope to be elected at the age of 77 and the 109th from Fabria. Pope Julius III ( ; 10 September 1487 – 23 March 1555), born Giovanni Maria Ciocchi del Monte, was the head of the Catholic Church from 7 February 1550 to his death in 1555.. a) Alfredo Ottaviani b) Sandro Bennelli c) Giovanni Ursi d) Ottavio Farnese. From the Catholic Encyclopedia (GIAMMARIA CIOCCHI DEL MONTE). [2], Pope Paul III made Ciocchi del Monte a Cardinal in 1536. Pope Julius III ( Latin: Julius Tertius; 10 September 1487 – 23 March 1555), born Giovanni Maria Ciocchi del Monte, was an Italian priest of the Roman Catholic Church and the 222nd Pope from February 1550 until his death in 1555. His interest in the Society of Jesus (a religious order founded by Ignatius of Loyola) influenced him to establish the Collegium Germanicum (1552) to train German priests in Rome under the Jesuits. Birthplace: Albisola, Italy Location of death: Rome, Italy Cause of death: Fever Remains: Buried, St. Julius II, born Giuliano della Rovere, Roman Catholic Pope from the 1st of November 1503 to the 21st of February 1513, was born at Savona in 1443. Following the death of Pope John XII on 9 March 2015, a papal conclave elected Ciano as his successor on 15 March. Pope Julius II (Italian: Papa Giulio II; Latin: Iulius II; born Giuliano della Rovere; 5 December 1443 – 21 February 1513) was head of the Catholic Church and ruler of the Papal States from 1503 to his death in 1513. The new pope took the name of Julius III. Pope Julius III. In February, 1555, an embassy was sent by the English Parliament to Julius III to inform him of its unreserved submission to the papal supremacy, but the embassy was still on its journey when the pope died. Roman Catholic Pope, 1503-13. Elected pope on Feb. 7, 1550, he realized that a reform of the church was urgent, and he appointed a commission that recommended resumption of the Council of Trent, which Julius reopened on May 1, 1551. Genealogy profile for Pope Julius III. In 1511, monk Martin Luther visited Roma. For the accomplishment of this task no pope was ever better suited than Julius, whom nature and circumstances had hewn out for a soldier. Pope Julius II. As a cardinal, he served as co-president of the Council of Trent in 1545, with cardinals Cervini (later Pope Marcellus II) and Pole. [2], He participated in the Council of Trent. Pope Julius III, born Giovanni Maria Ciocchi del Monte, was head of the Catholic Church and ruler of the Papal States from 7 February 1550 to his death in 1555. a) 7 February 1550 b) 14 May 1549 c) 18 August 1548 d) 11 November 1546. Julius III February 7, 1550 - March 23, 1555 . Pope Julius II was also known as Giuliano della Rovere. "Jules III." 216 th Pontiff (1503-1513). Papal Artifacts. Updates? Pope Julius III. He was created cardinal by Pope Paul III in 1536, filled several important legations, and was elected pope on the 7th of February 1550, despite the opposition of Charles V , whose enmity he had incurred as president of the council of Trent. Corrections? As pope, he took some half hearted stabs at reforming what had become a notoriously corrupt Catholic Church, but he much preferred to … His splendid Villa Giulia in Rome is by most people associated with Pope Julius II (the background shows a detail of the decoration of a Villa window). Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Italian ecclesiastic and Pope of the Roman Catholic Church on 7 Feb 1550. Pope Julius II was known for sponsoring some of the greatest artwork of the Italian Renaissance, including the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel by Michelangelo . Pope Julius III (Latin: Iulius III; 10 September 1487 – 23 March 1555), born Giovanni Maria Ciocchi del Monte, was head of the Catholic Church and ruler of the Papal States from 7 … Burkle-Young, Francis A., and Michael Leopoldo Doerrer. Omissions? At the beginning of his pontificate Julius III had the earnest desire to … Created a scandal because he made a 17 year old street boy, probably his lover, into a cardinal immediately after his election as pope. When did Julius III die? 10. 9. AKA Giuliano della Rovere. Matthias Wivel, our Curator of 16th-century Italian paintings, gives a talk about the portrait of Julius II by Raphael. Julius III’s brother legally adopted the boy when he was 17, at Julius’s insistence, endowing him with the Pope’s family name: Innocenzo Ciocchi del Monte. Pope Julius II. In fulfilment of promises made in the conclave, Julius restored Parma to Ottavio Farnese a few days after his accession. He was known as "the Warrior Pope." The Romans proclaimed that if Pope Julius II had not been a great pope, he had been a good king.. Giuliano della Rovere, born in poverty at Albisola in Liguria in 1443, became one of the most powerful of the Renaissance popes. a) 23 March 1555 b) 9 August 1554 c) 16 June 1556 d) 21 December 1553 Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge. Jean de Monluc (3,162 words) exact match in snippet view article find links to article Valence-and-Die by King Henry II of France in 1553, and confirmed by Pope Julius III on 30 March 1554. Glorified in Perugia He chose Julius as his papal name in honor of Pope Julius III (1940-1952). Julius III Fell in Love with a … The third faction consisted of the creatures of the late Pope under the command of Farnese, his ungrateful grandson. This page was last changed on 15 June 2020, at 17:42. Julius III, born Giovanni Maria del Monte, Roman Catholic Pope from 1550 to 1555, was born on the 10th of September 1487. As a cardinal, he served as co-president of the Council of Trent in 1545, with cardinals Cervini (later Pope Marcellus II) and Pole. He became Cardinal-Bishop of Palestrina in 1543. The pope outrageously appointed Innocenzo as “Cardinal-Nephew” and provided the boy with so many “benefices” with an income that was one of the highest in Europe. [2], Ciocchi del Monte studied law at the University of Perugia and the University of Siena. Birth and Education. NOW 50% OFF! [2], Pope Julius re-opened the Council of Trent. Pope Julius III (Latin: Julius Tertius; 10 September 1487 – 23 March 1555), born Giovanni Maria Ciocchi del Monte, was an Italian priest of the Roman Catholic Church and the 222nd Pope from February 1550 until his death in 1555. He was the son of a famous Roman jurist, studied jurisprudence at Perugia and Siena, and theology under the Dominican, Ambrosius Catharinus. Yet the façade of Palazzo Comunale still shows, disguised as decorations, the symbols of Julius III. 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